Introduction to Application
vehicle tracking system (GPS monitoring) is an electronic
device installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or a third
party to track the vehicle's location (and also receive the
additional information about vehicle).
GPS monitoring systems also
combine a communications component such as cellular or radio
transmitters to communicate the vehicle’s location to a remote
user. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps by
the specialized monitoring software.
Current vehicle tracking
systems have their roots in the shipping industry.
Corporations with large fleets of vehicles required some sort
of system to determine where each vehicle was at any given
time. Vehicle tracking systems can now also be found in
consumers vehicles as a theft prevention and retrieval device.
Police can follow the signal emitted by the tracking system to
locate a stolen vehicle.
Many vehicle tracking systems
are now using or a form of automatic vehicle location (AVL) to
allow for easy location of the vehicle.
The GPS satellite system was
built and is maintained by government and is available at
no any cost to civilians.
Active versus passive
types of Vehicle Tracking devices exist. Typically they are
classified as Passive (also named ""Off-Line")
and Active ("On-Line" or "Real Time" named).
devices store GPS location, speed, heading and others main
information like Fuel level in fuel tank, event such as key
on/off, door open/closed etc.. Once the vehicle returns to a
predetermined point, the device is removed and the data
downloaded to a computer for evaluation.
transmit the data in real-time via cellular or radio
networks to a computer or data center for evaluation. Some
devices also can collect the same information.
GPS Vehicle Tracking Systems
(GPS vehicle monitoring) are commonly used by fleet operators
for fleet management functions such as routing, dispatch,
on-board information and security.
Other applications include
monitoring driving behavior, such as an employer of an
employee, or a parent with a teen driver.
GPS Vehicle monitoring systems
are also popular in consumer vehicles as a theft prevention
and retrieval device. Police can simply follow the signal
emitted by the tracking system and locate the stolen vehicle.
When used as a security system, a Vehicle Tracking System may
serve as either an addition to or replacement or adding a
traditional Car alarm.
Some Vehicle Monitoring Systems
integrate several security systems, for example by sending an
automatic alert to a phone or email if an alarm is triggered
or the vehicle is moved without authorization.
Vehicle Tracking can be used in the following
Major application and targeting:
Fleet Management: When managing a fleet of
vehicles, knowing the real-time location of all drivers
allows management to meet customer needs more efficiently.
Whether it is delivery, service or other multi-vehicle
enterprises, drivers now only need a mobile phone with
telephony or Internet connection to be inexpensively
tracked by and dispatched efficiently. Asset Tracking:
Companies needing to track valuable assets for insurance
or other monitoring purposes can now plot the real-time
asset location on a map and closely monitor movement and
Field Service Management: Companies with a
field service workforce for services such as repair or
maintenance, must be able to plan field workers’ time,
schedule subsequent customer visits and be able to operate
these departments efficiently. Vehicle tracking allows
companies to quickly locate a field engineer and dispatch
the closest one to meet a new customer request or provide
site arrival information.
Vehicle Recovery: Both consumer and commercial vehicles
can be outfitted GPS with cellular transmitter
to allow police to do tracking and recovery.
Tracking: Haulage and Logistics companies often operate
lorries with detachable load carrying units. The part of
the vehicle that drives the load is know as the cab and
the load carrying unit is known as the trailer. There are
different types of trailer used for different
applications, e.g. flat bed, refrigerated, curtain sider,